Schlagwort 'ISO 45001 2nd CD'

Vorfallskategorien nach OHSAS 18001

Mittwoch, 16. September 2015 - 06:41

Im Arbeitsschutz von nach OHSAS 18001 zertifizierten Betrieben gibt es zwölf Arten von Vorfällen:

Vorfall, der … … eine körperliche Erkrankung zur Folge hatte … eine Verschlechterung einer körperlichen Erkrankung zur Folge hatte … eine körperliche Erkrankung hätte zur Folge haben können … eine Verschlechterung einer körperlichen Erkrankung hätte zur Folge haben können … eine mentale Erkrankung zur Folge hatte … eine Verschlechterung einer mentalen Erkrankung zur Folge hatte … eine mentale Erkrankung hätte zur Folge haben können … eine Verschlechterung einer mentalen Erkrankung hätte zur Folge haben können
  2._.1._ … eine Verletzung zur Folge hatte
  2._.2._ … eine Verletzung hätte zur Folge haben können
  3._.1._ … einen tödlichen Unfall zur Folge hatte
  3._.2._ … einen tödlichen Unfall hätte zur Folge haben können

Die zwölf Vorfallskategorien ergeben sich logisch aus den folgenden Begriffsbestimmungen:

Vorfall (in enger Anlehnung an OHSAS 18001:2007):
Arbeitsbezogenes Ereignis, das
  ※ eine Verletzung
  ※ oder Erkrankung (ohne Berücksichtigung der Schwere)
  ※ oder einen tödlichen Unfall
zur Folge
  ※ hatte
  ※ oder hätte
zur Folge haben können.

Erkrankung (in enger Anlehnung an OHSAS 18001:2007):
Erkennbarer, nachteiliger
  ※ physischer oder
  ※ mentaler Zustand,
der durch eine Arbeitstätigkeit und/oder durch eine Arbeitssituation
  ※ entstanden ist und/oder
  ※ verschlechtert

Diese Begriffsbestimmungen waren wichtige Verbesserungen bei der Umstellung von OHSAS 18001:1999 zu OHSAS 18001:2007. Es gab Arbeitgeber, die diese Verbesserungen dank schlampiger Audits (durch einen bei der DAkkS akkreditierten Auditor) bei der Umstellung aus ihren internen Anweisungen zumArbeitsschutz heraushalten konnten. Die Mitarbeiter erfuhren so nicht, was ihnen ein nach OHSAS 18001:2007 zertifizierter Arbeitgeber eigentlich bieten müsste. Ich nehme an, dass in den meisten nach OHSAS 18001:2007 zertifizierten Betrieben kaum ein Mitarbeiter weiß, zu welcher Erfassung von Vorfällen sich der Arbeitgeber verpflichtet hat.

In der wohl Ende 2016 zu erwartenden ISO 45001 fehlt die Definition von “Erkrankung” (“ill health”) leider, darum werden solche konkreten Vorfallskategorien aus der ISO 45001 nicht mehr ableitbar sein. (Nachtrag 2016: Es hat hier Verbesserungen gegeben, sogar gegenüber OHSAS 18001. Mal sehen, was davon umgesetzt wird.)

12 OH&S Incident Categories

Mittwoch, 9. September 2015 - 00:15

These incident catecories are based on definition 3.8 and 3.9 in OHSAS 18001:2007. The data should be easy to obtain. Just quarterly categorize OH&S incidents using the twelve categories shown below. Then count the incidents per category and enter the sums for each category into the table.

12 KPIs for Occupational Health & Safety

In words:
Incidents which …   … have caused physical ill health   … have worsened physical ill health   … could have caused physical ill health   … could have worsened physical ill health   … have caused mental ill health   … have worsened mental ill health   … could have caused mental ill health   … could have worsened mental ill health
    2._.1._   … have caused injury
    2._.2._   … could have caused injury
    3._.1._   … have caused fatality
    3._.2._   … could have caused fatality

Or in other words (even closer to OHSAS 18001:2007):
Incidents in which …   … physical ill health occurred   … physical ill health worsened   … physical ill health could have occurred   … physical ill health could have worsened   … mental ill health occurred   … mental ill health worsened   … mental ill health could have occurred   … mental ill health could have worsened
    2._.1._   … injury occurred
    2._.2._   … injury could have occurred
    3._.1._   … fatality occurred
    3._.2._   … fatality could have occurred


“Incident” and “ill health” according to OHSAS 18001:

The underlined words met resistance from employers when moving from OHSAS 18001:1999 to OHSAS 18001:2007. In internal communications they tried to replace “ill health” by “desease” and “identifiable” by “diagnosable”. They also tried to hide “regardless of severity” from their employees. “Made worse” was not welcome, as the term did not allow them to reject incidents which worsened an already existing ill health. And “could” was a challenge to employers, because due to that term they could not ask affected employees to prove that they actually suffered from ill health. The reasons for resisting against “mental” where quite similar to the reasons for mentioning “psychological factors” only in the notes to clause 7.1.4 of ISO 9000:2015 rather than clearly in the clause itself.



United States Technical Advisory Group (TAG):
“No with Comments” to CD2 of ISO 45001

Sonntag, 28. Juni 2015 - 16:36

The latest draft (CD2 or CD 45001.2 etz) of ISO 45001 has been approved (with comment) in June 2015. United States Technical Advisory Group (TAG) probably is happy. In their view the planned standard doesn’t offer sufficient flexibility., ECSI (EH&S Management Consulting Training and Auditing), 2015-06-06:

We recently participated as voting members in a meeting of the United States Technical Advisory Group (TAG) for the new ISO 45001 (Occupational Health and Safety) standard. The meeting was held at Google Headquarters in San Francisco. Extensive discussion took place within the TAG regarding the United States TAG position on the proposed ISO 45001 Draft Standard (CD#2). The consensus was strong that the United States TAG believes the standard is still not ready to move to the next stage of the standards development process (DIS). To this end, a motion was made, seconded, and unanimously approved during the course of the meeting and at a follow-up conference call.

The motion and its result were communicated in a letter to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) on June 3. The motion was as follows

The United States votes “No with Comments” on the draft standard with the position that the proposed standard is not yet ready to move to the DIS stage of the standards development process.

The impact of this negative vote is uncertain because the US has only a single vote on the International ISO 45001 committee (PC283) and there could be enough votes by other nations to move the standard to DIS rather than to another Committee Draft. The US is voting that the standard go through another cycle as a Committee Draft (CD3) to allow more time to iron out some sensitive and controversial issues. [...]

What kind of “consensus” will be reached for ISO 45001?

Donnerstag, 16. April 2015 - 06:51


How will a consensus be reached for ISO 45001? The 1st CD had been rejected because it failed to get two thirds of the required votes. The representatives of the employee side and the business side probably would not allow to let such a surprise happen again. It seems that the promoters of ISO 45001 are quite sure that they get their way and meet the planned deadlines. Are they confident because as many voters could be added as required to get two thirds of the vote? I fear that the employer side has significantly more resources to secure a majority for their position compared to the resources which are available to the employee side.


Democracy instead of plutocracy.

False Claims

Dienstag, 14. April 2015 - 08:05 presentations/Safety in a re emerging construction sector/Finbarr Stapleton presentation.ashx, page 18

A system meeting the requirements of ISO DIS 45001 will meet OHSAS 18001

The presentation fails to prove that this claim is true. Compared to OHSAS 18001 and ILO-OSH, in ISO 45001 the rights of employees are weaker.

And claims:

Second ISO 45001 draft emphasises worker consultation. [...] key change is an increased emphasis on the importance of worker consultation. The lack of reference to communication with workers in the first draft was a major concern for the International Labour Organisation, the United Nation’s agency that promotes labour rights. [...]

This is a cheap trick. Don’t compare CD2 to CD1. Compare CD2 to OHSAS 18001:2007 and to ILO-OSH.

Bussiness minded approach to ISO 45001

Dienstag, 14. April 2015 - 07:48

Connecting the Dots: ISO 45001, the Supply Chain and Risk

On March 26, voting began on ISO 45001, which sets requirements for occupational health and safety management systems. Kathy Seabrook, former president of the American Society of Safety Engineers, shared her thoughts on ISO 45001 at a recent event.
According to Seabrook, there are two drivers impacting change by some organizations to be more accountable for their supply chain: the market economy and sustainability reporting, and they are closely tied, she noted. “The investment community and organizational stakeholders are driving market demand for more transparency from the organizations they invest in,” said Seabrook.
According to Seabrook, ISO 45001 can inform and play a role in creating solutions that cross borders. While the scope of ISO 45001 is not intended to include supply chain workers, “an organization can choose to leverage the ISO 45001 management systems approach as a solution to identify, control and continually improve opportunities to reduce or eliminate worker safety and health risk to workers in the supply chain,” she noted.

This is an unsurprisingly American business minded approach: The concerns on the side of employee organizations are no issue to the author of this article. And the author probably has not even has an idea, why this should be an issue.

By the way: If voting already begun, than BSI’s invitation to the public could be just an alibi. Is ISO 45001 already a farce before it is pushed through?

Comments on 5.4 “Participation, consultation and representation” in ISO 45001 2nd CD

Freitag, 10. April 2015 - 07:54

5.4 Participation, consultation and representation


This is about Employee Participation: ISO 45001 vs. OHSAS 18001

ISO 45001 weakens the worker’s options compared to what has been achieved in OHSAS 18001:2007, paragraph “Participation and consultation”.


Here the employee representatives in the committee probably will have to propose significant changes in order to come to a standard which is acceptable in Europe. My proposal is to at least maintain what has been achieved with OHSAS 18001:2007.

I hope that employee representatives thoroughly compare to the 2nd CD of ISO 45001 what is written about employee participation in OHSAS 18001:2007. Additionally, the differences between OHSAS 18001:1999 and OHSAS 18001:2007 show what had been achieved for the workers thanks to the beneficial competition with the ILO standard. (There also was resistance on the employers’ side against this improvement. I know of a case where a large European company had been certified since 2009 for OHSAS 18001:2007 although they only switched to from :1999 to :2007 in 2013 after complaints by employees to the accreditation authority.) Was OHSAS 18001 too tough on employers? Seemingly the development of ISO 45001 is used by them as a means to revert these achievements.

Unions should check with labour councils how much resistance they met when trying to put of OHSAS 18001:2007 into practise. Support to workers councils by certification auditors may have been negligable too. Employers may want to use the chance provided by a new AMS standard (ISO 45001) to get rid of requirements which gave workes a say in occupational health&safety practises.

Furthermore, the “Certification scheme for occupational health and safety (OHS) management systems according to OHSAS 18001″ of the SCCM (Stichting Coördinatie Certificatie Milieu- en arbomanagementsystemen) in the Netherlands is a valuable source for ideas, how workers participation can be put into practice.



There is too much “as applicable” in the draft, e.g. “Effective participation of workers (and, as applicable, their representatives)”. The workers’ representatives need sufficcient competence and clout.


The standard should make it an requirement to establish elected workers representations for OH&S matters where no works councils exist yet. Without such representatives you simply can forget about an effective workers participation. One special requirement should be to let the workers’ representatives participate in certification audits and internal audits. These workes should be able to obtain the required qualifications.

Comment on 3.33 “incident” in ISO 45001 2nd CD

Dienstag, 7. April 2015 - 20:41

From the viewpoint of employees, the term “incident” has a much better definition in OHSAS 18001:2007 than in ISO 45001. Here the employers seemingly were successful in watering down the standard. I posted this comment in

“Incident” and “ill health” according to OHSAS 18001:

  • Incident: Work-related event(s) in which
    • an injury
    • or ill health (regardless of severity)
    • or fatality

    occurred, or could have occurred.

  • Ill health: Identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work-related situation.

“Occurrence(s) arising out of or in the course of work that could or does result in injury or ill-health” as proposed here for ISO 45001 is much less ambitious. Strangely, “fatality” has been dropped completely in the ISO 45001 draft. And “(regardless of severity)” made sure that employers cannot “evaluate” the severity of ill health before it enters the evaluation process defined in the standard.

Use terms from OHSAS 18001:2007. Make sure that incidents are not filtered away before the enter the official process of evaluation of ill health and its severity.

Again no definition of “ill health” in ISO 45001 2nd CD

Dienstag, 7. April 2015 - 20:22

My comments to “Terms and definitions” (section 3 in in ISO 45001) posted in (not online anymore)


In the comments to the 1st CD it already has been criticized, that one of the most important terms in ISO 45001 has not been defined. Strangely, a definition of the term “ill health” is missing again in the 2nd CD. Thus, OHSAS 18001 still does a much better job: “Ill health: Identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work-related situation.”

In contrary to ISO 45001, the BS OHSAS 18001:2007 explicitely mentions physical and mental health. This is important: Search for “Health Impact of The Psychosocial Hazards of Work: An Overview” in the pages of the WHO.

A standard which does not acknowledge the importance to protect mental health is unacceptable in the 21st century. Sadly, ISO 45001 seems to be on the way back to the last century.


In order not to fall behind OHSAS 18001:2007, include the definition “Ill health: Identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work-related situation” into 3 “Terms and definitions” of ISO 45001.

2nd ISO 45001 Draft

Dienstag, 7. April 2015 - 07:36

Press Release from BSI

Comment on the latest draft
of occupational health and safety standard ISO 45001

31 March 2015

A new international standard on occupational health and safety management is currently under development with publication expected in October 2016. The second committee draft of ISO 45001 – Occupational health and safety management standard systems – requirements with guidance for use is now open, with UK comments requested by 1 May 2015. This follows the re-drafting of the standard to reflect comments received from the September 2014 public consultation.

BSI, the UK’s National Standards Body, has worked with experts from around the world to develop the second draft and now invites interested parties to register their comments online: All comments submitted will then be considered by a panel of UK experts before BSI submits the national position to the international committee.

Occupational health and safety continues to be a priority across the world. Despite extensive regulation, existing standards and guidelines, work-related disease still kills millions globally each year, with hundreds of thousands more fatalities caused by workplace accidents. The international committee developing ISO 45001 includes experts from over 55 countries, 14 observer countries and around 20 liaison bodies, all with knowledge and practical experience of occupational health and safety issues and the challenges faced. The new standard is designed to replace the widely-used OHSAS 18001 whilst also taking into account other key documents and discussion points from around the world. Ultimately it intends to provide a single, clear framework  for organizations of all types and sizes who wish to improve their OH&S performance and protect those working on their behalf or who may be affected by the organization’s activities.

ISO 45001 is being developed using a collaborative, consensus-based approach taking into account the views of large and small organizations, government bodies, trades unions and worker representative organizations. To ensure the widest possible input is received from stakeholders BSI has taken the unusual step of making drafts available to the public at every stage of development. Usually, this would only happen once, half way through the process.

ISO 45001 has been written to a core structure and common text defined by ISO for use by all management system standards. The core structure will ensure that the new standard is broadly aligned to the forthcoming revisions of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 – thus helping those who are implementing multiple management systems.

Anne Hayes, Head of Market Development for Governance & Risk at BSI, said: “Occupational health and safety is a matter of importance for all businesses worldwide, regardless of their size or sector. It is not an issue that can be ignored especially when it can literally mean life and death for many.”

To read and comment on ISO CD2 45001 please visit BSI’s draft review site:

The draft is also available from the BSI shop: